Colombia Abbreviations

Colombia, a country located in the northwestern part of South America, is known for its diverse landscapes, rich culture, and vibrant cities. To navigate effectively within Colombia, understanding its abbreviations is essential. From ISO codes to airport identifiers and entity acronyms, each abbreviation serves a specific function in communication, identification, and governance within the country. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll unravel Colombia’s abbreviations and their significance.

ISO 3-Letter Code: COL

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) assigns unique three-letter codes to countries worldwide. Colombia’s ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country code is “COL.” This code is used in international transactions, communications, and data management systems to uniquely identify Colombia.

ISO 2-Letter Code: CO

In addition to the three-letter code, Colombia is assigned a two-letter ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, which is “CO.” This code is widely used in various contexts, including international trade, transportation, and online forms, to denote Colombia.

Top-Level Domain: .co

The top-level domain (TLD) “.co” is associated with Colombia. Websites with “.co” extensions are typically associated with entities based in Colombia or targeting the Colombian audience.

Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)

The official currency of Colombia is the Colombian Peso (COP). Symbolized by “$” or “COP,” the Colombian Peso is used for various transactions within Colombia and is regulated by the Bank of the Republic of Colombia.

Language Code: Spanish (es)

Spanish is the official language of Colombia. In the context of language codes, Spanish is represented by “es.” This language code is employed in multilingual communication, translation services, and software localization to identify the language spoken in Colombia.

Major Airports

  1. El Dorado International Airport (BOG): Located in Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia, El Dorado International Airport is the busiest airport in the country. It serves as the primary gateway to Colombia, handling domestic and international flights.
  2. José María Córdova International Airport (MDE): Situated in Rionegro, near Medellín, José María Córdova International Airport is one of the largest airports in Colombia. It serves the Aburrá Valley region and facilitates domestic and international flights.
  3. Rafael Núñez International Airport (CTG): Located in Cartagena, a popular tourist destination on Colombia’s Caribbean coast, Rafael Núñez International Airport serves the Cartagena Metropolitan Area and facilitates domestic and international flights.
  4. Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport (CLO): Situated in Palmira, near Cali, Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport is one of the busiest airports in southwestern Colombia. It serves the Cali Metropolitan Area and facilitates domestic and international flights.
  5. Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport (BAQ): Located in Soledad, near Barranquilla, Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport serves the Barranquilla Metropolitan Area and facilitates domestic and international flights.
  6. Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport (ADZ): Situated on San Andrés Island, Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport serves as the primary airport for the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia, and Santa Catalina, facilitating domestic and international flights.
  7. Palonegro International Airport (BGA): Located in Lebrija, near Bucaramanga, Palonegro International Airport serves the Santander Department and facilitates domestic and limited international flights.
  8. Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport (BAQ): Situated in Soledad, near Barranquilla, Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport serves the Barranquilla Metropolitan Area and facilitates domestic and international flights.
  9. Matecaña International Airport (PEI): Located in Pereira, Matecaña International Airport serves the Coffee-Growers Axis region and facilitates domestic and limited international flights.
  10. El Eden International Airport (AXM): Situated in La Tebaida, near Armenia, El Eden International Airport serves the Coffee-Growers Axis region and facilitates domestic and limited international flights.

Acronyms for Major Entities

  1. FARC: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army – FARC is a guerrilla movement that was involved in a long-standing armed conflict with the Colombian government. It has since demobilized and transitioned into a political party.
  2. ELN: National Liberation Army – ELN is a left-wing guerrilla group that operates in Colombia. It has been involved in armed conflict and is engaged in peace negotiations with the Colombian government.
  3. AUC: United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia – AUC was a paramilitary organization involved in the Colombian armed conflict. It has since demobilized, but its remnants continue to engage in criminal activities.
  4. DANE: National Administrative Department of Statistics – DANE is the government agency responsible for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating statistical information in Colombia.
  5. FARC: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army – FARC is a guerrilla movement that was involved in a long-standing armed conflict with the Colombian government. It has since demobilized and transitioned into a political party.