Eritrea Abbreviations

Eritrea, located in the Horn of Africa, utilizes various abbreviations essential for communication, identification, and governance. From ISO codes to airport identifiers and entity acronyms, each abbreviation serves a vital purpose in facilitating interactions both domestically and internationally. Here, we will list Eritrea’s abbreviations and their significance.

ISO 3-Letter Code: ERI

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) assigns unique three-letter codes to countries worldwide. Eritrea’s ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country code is “ERI.” This code is utilized in international transactions, communications, and data processing to represent Eritrea.

ISO 2-Letter Code: ER

In addition to the three-letter code, Eritrea is assigned a two-letter ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, which is “ER.” This code is widely used in international contexts, such as transportation, commerce, and diplomacy, to represent Eritrea succinctly.

Top-Level Domain: .er

Websites associated with Eritrea typically use the top-level domain “.er.” This domain extension serves as a digital identifier for Eritrean entities on the internet, including businesses, organizations, and government agencies.

Currency: Eritrean Nakfa (ERN)

The Eritrean Nakfa (ERN) is the official currency of Eritrea. Introduced in 1997 to replace the Ethiopian Birr, the Nakfa is named after the town of Nakfa, which served as a symbol of Eritrean resistance during the Eritrean War of Independence. The Nakfa is used for all financial transactions within the country.

Language Code: Tigrinya (ti)

Tigrinya is one of the official languages of Eritrea, along with Arabic and English. It is represented by the language code “ti.” This code is utilized in multilingual communication, translation services, and software localization to identify Tigrinya-language content.

Major Airports

  1. Asmara International Airport (ASM): Located near the capital city of Asmara, Asmara International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Eritrea. It serves as the primary gateway for international flights and domestic air travel within the country.
  2. Massawa International Airport (MSW): Situated near the port city of Massawa, Massawa International Airport serves as a secondary airport in Eritrea. It facilitates domestic flights and limited international connections.
  3. Assab International Airport (ASA): Located in the port city of Assab on the Red Sea coast, Assab International Airport is another important airport in Eritrea. It primarily serves domestic flights and occasional international charters.
  4. Teseney Airport (TES): Situated near the town of Teseney in the Gash-Barka region, Teseney Airport is a small airstrip primarily used for domestic flights and general aviation.
  5. Dahlak Island Airport (DHL): Located on Dahlak Kebir, the largest island in the Dahlak Archipelago, Dahlak Island Airport serves as a regional airport for the islands. It facilitates domestic flights and occasional international charters.
  6. Haykota Airport (HAQ): Situated near the town of Haykota in the Debub region, Haykota Airport is a small airstrip primarily used for domestic flights and general aviation.
  7. Rahaita Airport (RH6): Located near the town of Rahaita in the Gash-Barka region, Rahaita Airport is a small airstrip primarily used for domestic flights and general aviation.
  8. Sela’ata Airport (SEZ): Situated near the village of Sela’ata in the Gash-Barka region, Sela’ata Airport is a small airstrip primarily used for domestic flights and general aviation.
  9. Tessenei Airport (TES): Located near the town of Tessenei in the Gash-Barka region, Tessenei Airport is a small airstrip primarily used for domestic flights and general aviation.
  10. Asmara-Mulqui Airport (ASM): Situated near Asmara, Asmara-Mulqui Airport is a small airstrip primarily used for domestic flights and general aviation.

Acronyms for Major Entities

  1. PFDJ: People’s Front for Democracy and Justice – The PFDJ is the ruling political party in Eritrea, led by President Isaias Afwerki. It is the only legal political party in the country and plays a dominant role in Eritrean politics.
  2. GOE: Government of Eritrea – GOE refers to the executive branch of the Eritrean government, responsible for implementing laws and policies, managing government affairs, and representing Eritrea internationally.
  3. NSA: National Service Administration – The NSA is a government agency in charge of implementing national service programs in Eritrea, including military service and civilian national service. It oversees recruitment, training, and deployment of conscripts.
  4. NUEW: National Union of Eritrean Women – The NUEW is a mass organization in Eritrea dedicated to promoting women’s rights, gender equality, and women’s participation in national development. It works closely with the government to address gender-related issues.
  5. ECAA: Eritrean Civil Aviation Authority – The ECAA is the regulatory authority responsible for overseeing civil aviation activities in Eritrea. It ensures compliance with international aviation standards and regulations to maintain safety and security in Eritrean airspace.