Ethiopia Abbreviations

Ethiopia, a land of diverse cultures and ancient history, utilizes various abbreviations essential for communication, identification, and governance. From ISO codes to airport identifiers and entity acronyms, each abbreviation serves a vital purpose in facilitating interactions both domestically and internationally. Here, we will list Ethiopia’s abbreviations and their significance.

ISO 3-Letter Code: ETH

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) assigns unique three-letter codes to countries worldwide. Ethiopia’s ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country code is “ETH.” This code is utilized in international transactions, communications, and data processing to represent Ethiopia uniquely.

ISO 2-Letter Code: ET

In addition to the three-letter code, Ethiopia is assigned a two-letter ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, which is “ET.” This code is widely used in international contexts, such as transportation, commerce, and diplomacy, to represent Ethiopia succinctly.

Top-Level Domain: .et

Websites associated with Ethiopia typically use the top-level domain “.et.” This domain extension serves as a digital identifier for Ethiopian entities on the internet, including businesses, organizations, and government agencies.

Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)

The Ethiopian Birr (ETB) is the official currency of Ethiopia. As one of the oldest currencies in the world, the Birr is used for all financial transactions within the country. It is further subdivided into 100 smaller units called “santim.”

Language Code: Amharic (am)

Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia and is represented by the language code “am.” This code is utilized in multilingual communication, translation services, and software localization to identify Amharic-language content.

Major Airports

  1. Addis Ababa Bole International Airport (ADD): Located in the capital city, Addis Ababa Bole International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Ethiopia. It serves as the primary gateway for international flights and domestic air travel within the country.
  2. Dire Dawa International Airport (DIR): Situated in the eastern city of Dire Dawa, Dire Dawa International Airport is an important regional airport in Ethiopia. It facilitates domestic flights and limited international connections.
  3. Bahir Dar Airport (BJR): Located near the city of Bahir Dar in the Amhara Region, Bahir Dar Airport serves as a regional airport for the northern part of Ethiopia. It provides connections to Addis Ababa and other domestic destinations.
  4. Gondar Airport (GDQ): Situated near the city of Gondar in the Amhara Region, Gondar Airport is another regional airport serving northern Ethiopia. It primarily handles domestic flights and occasional international charters.
  5. Arba Minch Airport (AMH): Located near the city of Arba Minch in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), Arba Minch Airport serves as a gateway to the attractions of the Great Rift Valley region.
  6. Axum Airport (AXU): Situated near the ancient city of Axum in the Tigray Region, Axum Airport is a small airport serving northern Ethiopia. It provides connections to Addis Ababa and other domestic destinations.
  7. Lalibela Airport (LLI): Located near the town of Lalibela in the Amhara Region, Lalibela Airport serves as an access point for tourists visiting the famous rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.
  8. Jimma Airport (JIM): Situated near the city of Jimma in the Oromia Region, Jimma Airport is a regional airport serving southwestern Ethiopia. It facilitates domestic flights to Addis Ababa and other destinations.
  9. Mekele Airport (MQX): Located near the city of Mekele in the Tigray Region, Mekele Airport is a key airport serving northern Ethiopia. It provides connections to Addis Ababa and other domestic destinations.
  10. Semera Airport (SZE): Situated near the town of Semera in the Afar Region, Semera Airport is a small airport primarily serving the local community and government officials.

Acronyms for Major Entities

  1. EPRDF: Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front – The EPRDF is the ruling political coalition in Ethiopia, led by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front. It has been in power since 1991 and is composed of several ethnically-based political parties.
  2. NEBE: National Electoral Board of Ethiopia – NEBE is the electoral management body responsible for organizing and overseeing elections in Ethiopia. It ensures the conduct of free, fair, and transparent elections at all levels of government.
  3. EBC: Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation – EBC is the state-owned broadcaster in Ethiopia, responsible for radio and television programming across the country. It provides news, entertainment, and educational content in multiple languages.
  4. ECAA: Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority – ECAA is the regulatory authority responsible for overseeing civil aviation activities in Ethiopia. It ensures compliance with international aviation standards and regulations to maintain safety and security in Ethiopian airspace.
  5. EPRDF: Ethiopian Press Agency – EPA is the state-owned news agency of Ethiopia, responsible for gathering, producing, and disseminating news and information to domestic and international audiences.