Guatemala Abbreviations

Guatemala, a Central American country known for its rich Mayan heritage, diverse landscapes, and vibrant culture, utilizes various abbreviations in different contexts. These abbreviations, ranging from ISO codes to airport identifiers and entity acronyms, play essential roles in communication, commerce, and governance within the country and internationally. Here, we will list Guatemala’s abbreviations and their significance.

ISO 3-Letter Code: GT

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) assigns unique three-letter country codes to nations worldwide. Guatemala’s ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country code is “GT.” This code is utilized in international transactions, communications, and databases to uniquely represent Guatemala.

ISO 2-Letter Code: GT

In addition to the three-letter code, Guatemala is assigned a two-letter ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, which is “GT.” This code is widely employed in international contexts, such as transportation, commerce, and diplomacy, to succinctly represent Guatemala.

Top-Level Domain: .gt

Websites associated with Guatemala typically utilize the top-level domain “.gt.” This domain extension serves as a digital identifier for Guatemalan entities on the internet, including businesses, organizations, and government agencies.

Currency: Guatemalan Quetzal (GTQ)

The official currency of Guatemala is the Guatemalan Quetzal (GTQ). As the legal tender for all transactions within the country, the Guatemalan Quetzal is used for everyday purchases, banking, and financial transactions.

Language Code: Spanish (es)

Spanish is the official language of Guatemala and is represented by the language code “es.” Spanish is spoken by the majority of the population and is the primary language used in government, education, and media.

Major Airports

  1. La Aurora International Airport (GUA): Located near Guatemala City, the capital and largest city of Guatemala, La Aurora International Airport is the country’s primary gateway for international air travel. It offers connections to various destinations in the Americas and beyond.
  2. Mundo Maya International Airport (FRS): Situated near the town of Flores in the northern Petén region, Mundo Maya International Airport serves as a vital transportation hub for tourists visiting the ancient Mayan ruins of Tikal and other attractions in the area.
  3. Quetzaltenango Airport (AAZ): Also known as La Aurora Airport, Quetzaltenango Airport is located in the city of Quetzaltenango, the second-largest city in Guatemala. It primarily handles domestic flights within Guatemala.
  4. Santa Elena Airport (FRS): Santa Elena Airport, adjacent to Mundo Maya International Airport in Flores, primarily serves domestic flights within Guatemala, providing additional connectivity to the northern region of the country.
  5. Cobán Airport (CBV): Cobán Airport is located near the city of Cobán in the Alta Verapaz department of Guatemala. It facilitates domestic flights within Guatemala, particularly to and from the central and northern regions of the country.
  6. Puerto Barrios Airport (PBR): Puerto Barrios Airport serves the city of Puerto Barrios on Guatemala’s Caribbean coast. It supports domestic flights within Guatemala, connecting the Caribbean region with other parts of the country.
  7. Retalhuleu Airport (RER): Retalhuleu Airport is situated in the Retalhuleu department of Guatemala. It primarily serves domestic flights within Guatemala, providing air access to the southwestern region of the country.
  8. Huehuetenango Airport (HUG): Huehuetenango Airport is located near the city of Huehuetenango in the western highlands of Guatemala. It supports domestic flights within Guatemala, particularly to and from the western region of the country.
  9. San José Airport (GSJ): San José Airport serves the town of San José in the Petén department of Guatemala. It facilitates domestic flights within Guatemala, enhancing connectivity to the northern region of the country.
  10. Flores Airport (FRS): Flores Airport, also known as Teniente Coronel Hernán Acosta Mejía Airport, is located near the town of Flores in the Petén department. It primarily serves domestic flights within Guatemala and is adjacent to Mundo Maya International Airport.

Acronyms for Major Entities

  1. GOG: Government of Guatemala – The Government of Guatemala is responsible for the administration and governance of the country. It oversees various ministries and agencies tasked with providing essential services and implementing policies for the nation’s development.
  2. BANGUAT: Banco de Guatemala – BANGUAT, or the Bank of Guatemala, is the central bank of Guatemala. It is responsible for issuing and regulating the country’s currency, implementing monetary policy, and safeguarding the stability of the financial system.
  3. INGUAT: Instituto Guatemalteco de Turismo – INGUAT, or the Guatemalan Institute of Tourism, is the government agency responsible for promoting tourism in Guatemala. It develops and implements strategies to attract domestic and international visitors, showcasing Guatemala’s cultural, historical, and natural attractions.
  4. IGSS: Instituto Guatemalteco de Seguridad Social – IGSS, or the Guatemalan Social Security Institute, is a state-run social security institution that provides healthcare, pensions, and other social services to Guatemalan citizens and residents.
  5. CIV: Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil – CIV, or the General Directorate of Civil Aeronautics, is the government agency responsible for regulating civil aviation in Guatemala. It ensures the safety, security, and efficiency of air transportation within the country’s airspace.