Iraq Abbreviations

Iraq, a country located in the Middle East, has a rich history and diverse cultural heritage. Understanding its abbreviations can help navigate various aspects of its governance, economy, and infrastructure. Here, we will list the abbreviations used in Iraq and their respective purposes.

ISO 3-Letter Code: IRQ

Iraq’s ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 country code is “IRQ.” This three-letter code is internationally recognized and is used in various contexts such as trade, travel documentation, and data management to uniquely identify Iraq.

ISO 2-Letter Code: IQ

The two-letter ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code for Iraq is “IQ.” Similar to the three-letter code, this code is commonly employed in international transactions, telecommunications, and addressing systems to represent Iraq succinctly.

Top-Level Domain: .iq

Websites associated with Iraq typically utilize the top-level domain “.iq.” This domain extension serves as a digital identifier for Iraqi entities on the internet, including businesses, organizations, and government agencies.

Currency: Iraqi Dinar (IQD)

The official currency of Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD). As the legal tender for all transactions within the country, the Iraqi Dinar is used for everyday purchases, banking, and financial transactions.

Language Code: Arabic (ar)

Arabic is the official language of Iraq and is represented by the language code “ar.” It is widely spoken and used in governmental, educational, and cultural contexts throughout the country.

Major Airports

  1. Baghdad International Airport (BGW): Located in Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq, Baghdad International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in the country. It serves as a major hub for domestic and international flights, connecting Iraq with various destinations worldwide.
  2. Erbil International Airport (EBL): Situated in Erbil, the capital of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, Erbil International Airport is a significant airport in northern Iraq. It handles both domestic and international flights, supporting the region’s economic and tourism sectors.
  3. Basra International Airport (BSR): Located in Basra, a major city in southern Iraq, Basra International Airport is an essential transportation hub for the region. It facilitates domestic and limited international flights, contributing to Basra’s commercial activities and oil industry.
  4. Sulaymaniyah International Airport (ISU): Situated in Sulaymaniyah, another major city in the Kurdistan Region, Sulaymaniyah International Airport serves as a key airport in northern Iraq. It handles domestic and international flights, supporting the region’s economic development and tourism.
  5. Najaf International Airport (NJF): Located in Najaf, a holy city in central Iraq, Najaf International Airport is an important airport serving pilgrims visiting religious sites in Najaf and nearby Karbala. It facilitates domestic and international flights, particularly during religious festivals.
  6. Kirkuk International Airport (KIK): Situated in Kirkuk, an ethnically diverse city in northern Iraq, Kirkuk International Airport serves the Kirkuk Governorate and surrounding areas. It handles domestic flights and limited international charters, supporting regional connectivity.
  7. Sulaimaniyah International Airport (OLK): Another airport in the Kurdistan Region, Sulaimaniyah International Airport is located in Sulaimaniyah city. It caters to domestic and limited international flights, contributing to the economic development of the region.
  8. Mosul International Airport (OSM): Located near Mosul, a city in northern Iraq, Mosul International Airport serves the Nineveh Governorate. It was severely damaged during the conflict with ISIS but is undergoing reconstruction to resume operations.
  9. Karbala Airport (RJN): Situated in Karbala, a holy city in central Iraq, Karbala Airport serves pilgrims visiting religious shrines in Karbala. It primarily handles domestic flights, especially during religious festivals such as Arba’een.
  10. Diyala Governorate Airport (NBN): Located in the Diyala Governorate in eastern Iraq, this airport serves the surrounding areas. It mainly handles domestic flights and supports regional transportation needs.

Acronyms for Major Entities

  1. GOI: Government of Iraq – GOI refers to the central government of Iraq, responsible for policymaking, administration, and governance at the national level.
  2. KRG: Kurdistan Regional Government – KRG is the autonomous regional government of Iraqi Kurdistan, responsible for governing the Kurdistan Region and managing its affairs, including administration, security, and natural resources.
  3. INOC: Iraqi National Oil Company – INOC is a state-owned enterprise responsible for managing Iraq’s oil industry, including exploration, production, and distribution of petroleum and natural gas resources.
  4. CBI: Central Bank of Iraq – CBI is the central bank of Iraq, responsible for formulating and implementing monetary policy, regulating the banking sector, and managing Iraq’s monetary reserves.
  5. ISF: Iraqi Security Forces – ISF refers to the collective security apparatus of Iraq, including the Iraqi Army, Federal Police, and other paramilitary units responsible for maintaining internal security and combating threats to national stability.